Course syllabus

# Termodynamik Thermodynamics

## KFK080, 7,5 credits, G1 (First Cycle)

Valid for: 2013/14
Decided by: Education Board C
Date of Decision: 2013-04-15

## General Information

Main field: Technology.
Compulsory for: K2
Elective for: Pi4
Language of instruction: The course will be given in Swedish

## Aim

To introduce the classical thermodynamics for the students and also to exercise the students to use the different models presented in the course.

## Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to formulate and explain the first and second laws of thermodynamics and be able to calculate energy and entropy changes for changes in system states.
• show basic understanding of quantum mechanics and how it describes molecular translation, rotation, vibration and the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and matter.
• be able to define and explain the definitions of free energy and chemical potential and be able to use them for equilibrium calculations.
• know the thermodynamics of simple mixtures and be able to predict different colligative properties solution, such as osmotic pressure, freezing point depression and boiling point elevation, from the knowledge of the composition of the studied system.
• be able to formulate and explain the thermodynamic basis for chemical equilibrium

Competences and skills
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to calculate pressure, volume and temperature in gases.
• show ability to, both practically and theoretically, determine properties of phase equilibria for one and two component systems, such as the temperature and pressure dependence of vapour pressure and boling point.
• show ability to determine the relations between equilibrium constant, concentations, pressure and temperature in chemical equilibria, both practically and theoretically,
• be able to use a pocket calculator to solve numerical problems, such as derivation, integration, determination of implicit variables and least square fits of experimental data to a polynom function.
• be able to use phase diagrams for two component systems
• be able to write simple, but complete, reports of laboratory experiments
• be able to judge the validity of the fundamental thermodynamic models presented, such as ideal gases and ideal solutions.

Judgement and approach
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to discuss everyday phenomena, such as heat flow, expansion of gases and super-cooling, on the basis of sound thermodynamical reasoning.
• be able to judge information in the surrounding world (for example in media) on the basis of thermodynamical reasoning.

## Contents

• Basic concepts of thermodynamics such as work and heat, entropy, enthalpy, free energy and chemical potential.
• Basic quantum mechanics with the aim of providing the molecular basis for thermodynamics and spectroscopy.
• Calculations on reversible, irreversible and adiabatic processes.
• Quantitative treatment of phase equilibrium in systems of one component.
• Quantitative calculations of the relations between pressure, temperature and composition in non-ideal systems of two components with one or more phases. This includes concepts such as partial molar quantities and activity, calculations of colligative properties and a thermodynamic description of distillation.
• Thermodynamic treatment of chemical equilibrium.
• The basis of polymer stability.

## Examination details

Assessment: The final grade is based on a written exam in the end of the course. Laboratory practicals must also be completed.

Parts
Code: 0113. Name: Thermodynamics.
Code: 0213. Name: Laboratory Experiments.
Credits: 0. Grading scale: UG. Assessment: The tasks are presented either as a written report or orally. For passing grade, the written report should be simple but correct and to the point. They should also have a proper structure and contain a relevant discussion. Contents: There are four laboratory experiments that demonstrate important thermodynamical concepts.

Required prior knowledge: FMA420 Linear Algebra, FMAA01 Calculus in One Variable, KOO101 Fundamental Chemistry.
The number of participants is limited to: No
The course overlaps following course/s: KFKA05, KFKF01