Course syllabus

Konstruktion för X
Design for X

MMKN11, 7,5 credits, A (Second Cycle)

Valid for: 2023/24
Faculty: Faculty of Engineering, LTH
Decided by: PLED M
Date of Decision: 2023-04-11

General Information

Elective for: I4, M4-pu, M4-prr, MD4
Language of instruction: The course will be given in English


The purpose of this course is to introduce the concept "Design for X" (DfX), that is well established within product development. In any product development project it is essential to ensure that the product satisfies the functions it is designed for. But there are many other issues that are caused by, or affect the properties of the product: is the product reliable, sustainable, is it easy to assemble, inexpensive to manufacture? These aspects need also to be addressed during product development. Specific design guidelines have been developed to address these particular issues, or ‘X’: design for manufacturing and assembly, design for sustainability, and other “design for X”.

In this course, the following "design for Xs" are primarily included:

Learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

Competences and skills
For a passing grade the student must

Judgement and approach
For a passing grade the student must


The course starts with a survey of the DfX concept, followed by lectures on design for manufacturing and assembly (DFMA), design for additive manufacturing, robust design, design for environment (DfE). For each of these “Xs”, the students, in groups of 3 to 5 students, are required to turn in an assignment that illustrates his or her understanding of the theoretical content.

Examination details

Grading scale: TH - (U,3,4,5) - (Fail, Three, Four, Five)
Assessment: The course includes compulsory assignment(s) performed by groups of three to six students. The grade (Fail, Three, Four, Five) will be based on a combination of the quality of a written report and a product concept prototype. The written report will correspond to 70% of the grade and the product concept prototype to 30%.

The examiner, in consultation with Disability Support Services, may deviate from the regular form of examination in order to provide a permanently disabled student with a form of examination equivalent to that of a student without a disability.


Assumed prior knowledge: MMKF01 Product Development and Design Methodology or equivalent.
The number of participants is limited to: No
The course overlaps following course/s: MMKN10

Reading list

Contact and other information

Course coordinator: Glenn Johansson,
Director of studies: Elin Olander,
Course homepage: