Bergmekanik och bergbyggnad
Rock Mechanics and Construction
VTGF01, 7,5 credits, G2 (First Cycle)
Valid for: 2017/18
Decided by: PLED V
Date of Decision: 2017-04-06
Main field: Technology.
Elective Compulsory for: V3
Language of instruction: The course will be given in Swedish
The aim of the course is to enhance the student's knowledge and
skills in rock geology and rock engineering as a tool to handle
infrastructure and building projects and to take into account
the general goals for development of a sustainable society. The
course is of value for all civil engineers and particularly
appropriate for the specializations towards civil engineering and
water resources within the civil engineering programme.
Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must
- be able to define and explain basic conceptions and principles
regarding rock characteristics and structural features and also
how rock discontinuities influence the localisation, orientation
and design of for example tunnels, caverns and bridges.
- be able to describe the basic principles for rock engineering
classification, rock mechanics, tunnelling techniques and
construction techniques in rocks.
Competences and skills
For a passing grade the student must
- be able to interpret a geological map and erect a geological
cross-section with geological strata and also be able to establish
a conceptual engineering geological expectation model in three
dimensions, taking into account other civil engineering and
- show an ability to evaluate engineering geological
preinvestigation methodology, in particular drilling, sampling and
- be able to outline a rock engineering proposal for drilling,
blasting, tunnelling and rock support based on the mechanical
properties of the rocks and a conceptual engineering geological
model of the rock characteristics.
- be able to estimate, discuss and also to present orally and
in written form information from archive material and field
investigations, concerning engineering geology, rock mechanics and
rock construction. The presentation shall be directed to engineers,
politicians as well as to the public.
Judgement and approach
For a passing grade the student must
- indicate an understanding of the need for alternate
localisation and construction proposals and also an analysis of the
consequences regarding the environmental requirements on
constructions in rock.
The following is included in the course contents.
- Basic rock geology emphasizing characteristics of rocks, in
particular structural features and the importance of
discontinuities in rock construction works. Examples on situations
with magmatic, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks of various age and
in different parts of the world. Weathering, clay alteration,
fracturation and hardness. Engineering geological prognosis of the
- Rock mechanics. Reasons for variation in strength of rock and
rock mass. Load, strain and deformation of rock, the response
curve of the rock mass (reference to corresponding descriptions of
soil mechanics in the course VGTF05). Influence of discontinuities
and anisotropy on the strength of the rock mass and on the
possibilities of building constructions.
- Rock construction. Techniques for rock foundation works and
anchorage of e.g. dams, bridges and embankment sides and also for
construction of rock caverns and tunnels. Methods for rock support.
Proposals for support of strength and running of construction works
in rocks based on conceptual engineering geological models,
assessment of the Q-value and of the mechanical characteristics of
the rock mass.
- The influence of the groundwater conditions on the
characteristics of the rock mass, in particular concerning strength
and stability but also rock construction technique and
environmental consequences. Aquifer tests and pumping tests for
assessment of groundwater flow and environmental influence.
- Establishment of a conceptual model of the expected geological
situation including engineering geological characteristics.
Engineering geological pre-investigations and field
- Introduction to common geophysical investigation methods and
field investigation methodology.
- Techniques for drilling and rock sampling.
Borehole investigations including geophysical logging.
- Descriptions of environmental consequences and the
environmental legislation. Other kinds of descriptions of
consequences. The content of the course FMI031 is developed and
At least two days of field exercises and study visits in rock
quarries and at rock construction sites. A comprehensive rock
construction assignment is running in parallell with the course.
The students get the responsibility for a particular part of the
assignment in groups of three persons. Each group is offered at
least three hours of advicing in the small group in addition to
advicing during the scheduled exercises. The assignment is
presented as a written report and orally at the final seminar of
the course. Each student group is offered a detailed written and
oral feedback from the teachers. Each group shall also carry out a
written peer review of a report dealing with another part of the
assignment. The students do also have to prepare and perform an
oral opposition of a third group with a third particular task at
the final seminar.
Grading scale: TH - (U,3,4,5) - (Fail, Three, Four, Five)
Assessment: Written examination. Written and oral presentation of a rock engineering tasks. Compulsory participation in excursions, field exercises and seminars. The final mark is a weighted average of the marks from the different parts (written test 90%, written and oral presentation of rock engineering tasks 10%) rounded off downwards to an integer. To pass the written examination it is necessary to obtain at least 50% of the total points.
The examiner, in consultation with Disability Support Services, may deviate from the regular form of examination in order to provide a permanently disabled student with a form of examination equivalent to that of a student without a disability.
Code: 0117. Name: Written Examination.
Credits: 5. Grading scale: TH. Assessment: Assessment of answers on a written examination.
Code: 0217. Name: Presentations of Assignments, Excursions and Laboratory Work.
Credits: 2,5. Grading scale: UG. Assessment: Assessment of written report and oral presentation or opposition on assignment. Active participation in compulsory excursions and laboratory work.
Required prior knowledge: VSMA05 Structural Mechanics AND
VBK013 Structural Engineering, Basic Course OR VBKF15 Structural Engineering, Basic Course AND
VVR145 Water OR VVRA05 Water AND
FMI031 Environmental Science, Especially Environmental Chemistry OR FMIF50
Environmental Science, Especially Environmental Chemistry AND
VGTF05 Soil Mechanics.
The number of participants is limited to: No
- Individual literature of each student:.
- Svensson, C.: Större makrostrukturer i berggrunden. Kompendium säljes av teknisk geologi, 2001. Available in Swedish only.
- Svensson, C.: Kompendium i Teknisk geologi AK. KFS, 2010. Available in Swedish only.
- Lindblom, U.: Bergbyggnad. Liber, 2010, ISBN: 978-91-47-09409-7.
- Reference literature available at the department:.
- Stanfors, R., Triumf, C.-A. och Emmelin, A.: Geofysik för bergbyggare. SveBeFo, 2001, ISBN: 91-631-0633-7.
- Waltham, T.: Foundations of Engineering Geology., 2a upplagan. Spon Press Taylor & Francis , 2002, ISBN: 0-415-25450-7.
- Nordlund, E., Rådberg, G. och Sjöberg, J.: Kompendium om bergmekanikens grunder. Luleå Tekniska Universitet , 1998.
- For the presentation of rock engineering tasks the following personal reference literature is recommended:.
- Strömquist, S.: Skrivboken., Skrivprocess, skrivråd och skrivstrategier. Gleerups, 2005, ISBN: 91-40-64513-4.
- Svenska språknämnden: Svenska skrivregler. Liber, 2000, ISBN: 47-04974-X.
Contact and other information
Course coordinator: Universitetsadjunkt Peter Jonsson, Peter.Jonsson@tg.lth.se
Course homepage: http://www.tg.lth.se/grundutbildning/kurser
Further information: Field exercises, excursions and study visits are accounted as laboratory work in the time plan.