(Created 2011-09-01.)
 THE FINITE ELEMENT METHOD - FLOW ANALYSIS VSMN25
Credits: 7,5. Grading scale: TH. Cycle: A (Second Cycle). Main field: Technology. Language of instruction: The course might be given in English. VSMN25 overlaps following cours/es: FHL064, VSM040 and VSMN05. Compulsory for: Pi4bs. Optional for: MWLU2, Pi4, V4at, V4ko, V5vr, W5vr. Course coordinator: Kent Persson, kent.persson@byggmek.lth.se, Structural Mechanics. Prerequisites: FMA430 Calculus in Several Dimensions. The course might be cancelled if the number of applicants is less than 15. Assessment: A mid-term test and two design assignments. Home page: http://www.byggmek.lth.se.

Aim
The aim of the course is to give detailed theoretical and practical knowledge on the basic steps in the finite element method and to be able to model and analyse general flow problems described from a physical context. Common problems within the field of engineering will be studeied, such as, heat flow, pipe network flow, ground water flow and diffusion for both stationary and transient conditions.

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to define linear stationary and transient flow problems in 1d-3d and interpret their physical terms.

• from physical relations be able to formulate a mathematical model for the problem.

• be able to transfer a mathematical model, through the weak formulation, to a finite element formulation.

• be able to explain convergence, completeness and compatibility requirements for approximating functions.

• be able to define and utilise various types of boundary conditions and loadings.

Skills and abilities
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to create finite element models of real flow problems from a physical described context.

• be able to perform finite element analyses of various types of engineering problems.

Judgement and approach
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to analyse and interpret results from a finite element simulation.

• be able to estimate the reliability of a finite element analysis.

Contents
The course consists of lectures, exercise sessions and two compulsory design assignments. In the first part of the course a detailed derivation of all the steps in the finite element formulation are given for a one-dimensional heat flow problem: direct approach, strong and weak formulations, approximating functions and weighted residual methods. More advanced problems are gradually added to this basic knowledge, such as, 2- and 3-dimensional field problems. Flow problems that are studied: heat flow, pipe network flow, groundwater flow and diffusion. At the end of the course the theory is extended to the study of transient field-problems. The design assignments illustrate the procedure of transferring a design problem into a model suitable for finite element analysis.

Literature
Ottosen, N. & Petersson, H.: Introduction to the Finite Element Method. Prentice Hall, 1992.
Olsson, K.-G and Heyden S.: Introduction to the finite element method, problems. Structural Mechanics, Lund 2001.
CALFEM ver 3.4 - A finite element toolbox, KFS i Lund AB, 2004.