(Created 2011-09-01.)
 FUNCTIONAL ANALYSIS AND HARMONIC ANALYSIS FMA260
Credits: 7,5. Grading scale: TH. Cycle: A (Second Cycle). Main field: Technology. Language of instruction: The course might be given in English. Optional for: D5, F5, F5bs, F5ssr, F5tf, Pi4, Pi4bs, Pi4ssr. Course coordinator: Director of Studies Anders Holst, Anders.Holst@math.lth.se, Mathematics. Recommended prerequisits: FMA021 Applied Mathematics and FMA120 Matrix Theory. Assessment: Written and/or oral test, to be decided by the examiner. Home page: http://www.maths.lth.se/matematiklth/vitahyllan/vitahyllan.html.

Aim
Functional analysis and harmonic analysis are fundamental tools in many mathematical applications (e.g., in field theory, solid mechanics, control theory, signal processing) and in mathematical statistics and numerical analysis. The aim of the course is to convey knowledge about basic concepts and methods, and to give the ability, both to follow discussions where these are used and to independently solve mathematical problems which arise in the applications. An important goal of the course is also to develop a power of abstraction which makes it easier to see analogies between problems from apparently different fields.

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

have knowledge of different common norms and their usefulness in different applications.

be familiar with the meaning of the concepts of completeness and compactness, and be aware that the choice of norm has an impact on these properties of a space. In particular, the student should have a good understanding of the difference between the infinite and the finite dimensional case.

be familiar with Banach's fixed point theorem and be able to give examples of its applications.

be familiar with the most common classes of linear and bounded operators, and have an understanding of how spectral theory provides information on the properties of a linear operator.

be familiar with how the properties of a function are reflected in its Fourier transform.

be able to explain the basic theory in an oral examination.

Skills and abilities
For a passing grade the student must

with access to literature independenly be able to integrate methods and approaches from different parts of the course in order to solve problems and answer questions within the framework of the course.

in writing and orally, with proper terminology and clear logic be able to explain the solution to a mathematical problem within the course.

be able to translate concrete mathematical problems into the abstract language of the course.

Contents
Functional analysis: norms and approximation, the contraction theorem, compactness, function spaces, Hilbert spaces, orthogonality and orthogonal systems, linear operators, spectral theory.

Harmonic analysis: the Fourier transform, Fourier series and discrete Fourier transforms. Uncertainty relations, the sampling theorem, Fourier transforms and analytic functions, the Hilbert transform, wavelet transforms.

Literature
Renardy and Rogers. An Introduction to Partial Differential Equations, 2nd ed. Springer. ISBN 0-387-00444-0.
Some further material and completions.
The literature may be changed.