Syllabus academic year 2010/2011
(Created 2010-07-25.)
 THERMODYNAMICS AND FLUID MECHANICS MMVF01
Credits: 11. Grading scale: TH. Cycle: G2 (First Cycle). Main field: Technology. Language of instruction: The course will be given in Swedish. Compulsory for: M2, MD2. Course coordinator: Christoffer Norberg, Christoffer.Norberg@energy.lth.se, Energy Sciences. Recommended prerequisits: FMAA05 Calculus in One Variable. FMA421 Linear Algebra with Scientific Computation, FMA430 Calculus in Several Variables, FMEA01 Mechanics - Statics and Particle Dynamics. Assessment: Two written tests, mainly theory; individual problem assignments; laboratory work; and a final written examination on problem-solving. The course mark is determined from a weighted total sum, which consists of the result from the passed written examination including bonus points from approved problem assignments (if given) and the two passed tests. The graduation is determined from a special formula. Parts: 3. Home page: http://www.energy.lth.se/.

Aim
The purpose of the course is to provide basic knowledge and skills in engineering thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, with application mainly within the energy sector.

Knowledge and understanding
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to define and/or clarify in short certain basic concepts, principles and phenomena in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics

• be able to shortly account for basic relations considering properties of pure substances, mass and energy conservation, entropy generation and momentum balance, with a basic understanding of limitations and applicability

• be able to derive and account for certain technical important relations within the scope of the subject

Skills and abilities
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to demonstrate a good engineering handling practice of property tables and diagrams and to be able to solve basic energy- and fluid-related problems

• be able to describe shortly, clarify and analyse certain thermodynamic processes of technical importance, with a quantitative assessment of its quality regarding the influence on the environment (entropy generation)

• be able to accomplish a complete dimensional analysis of a given dimensional problem

• be able to apply control volume analysis of the balances of mass, energy and linear momentum, for stationary flow with homogeneous in- and outlets

• be able to accomplish a basic fluid mechanical analysis of single pipe systems at stationary incompressible flow conditions, and isentropic compressible flow in nozzles

Judgement and approach
For a passing grade the student must

• be able to produce written communication, on problem-solving and the lab-report, that is well-structured and illustrative, with clear references to external sources, attention to limitations and accuracy, and which demonstrate understanding of the subject

Contents
Thermodynamics: basic concepts of thermodynamics; properties of pure substances; energy transfer by heat, work and mass; the first law of thermodynamics; the second law of thermodynamics; entropy, irreversibility and entropy generation; exergy; gas power cycles; vapor and combined power cycles; refrigeration cycles; thermodynamic property relations; phase equilibrium; gas mixtures; gas-vapor mixtures and air-conditioning

Fluid Mechanics: viscosity; basic fluid statics; the Bernoulli equation; fluid kinematics; finite control volume analysis; basic differential analysis of fluid flow; similitude, dimensional analysis, and modelling; viscous flow in pipes; flow over immersed bodies; one-dimensional isentropic compressible flow through nozzles

Literature
Çengel, Y. A. & Boles, M. A.: Thermodynamics  An Engineering Approach, 6th Edition in SI Units, McGraw-Hill 2008. ISBN: 978-007-125771-8
Young, D. F., Munson, B. R., Okiishi, T. H. & Huebsch, W. W.: A Brief Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007. ISBN: 978-0-470-03962-5

Parts

Code: 0108. Name: Thermodynamics.
Higher education credits: 6. Grading scale: UG. Assessment: Written test, theory and basic problem-solving (approx. 2 hours); individual home assignments (problem-solving). Contents: Written test: basic concepts; properties of pure substances; energy transfer by heat, work, and mass; first law of thermodynamics; energy; second law of thermodynamics; entropy; irreversibility and entropy generation; exergy; thermodynamic relations; phase equilibrium; gas power cycles; ideal-gas mixtures. Home assignments: applications of the basic laws of thermodynamics; gas power cycles, vapor power cycles, refrigeration cycles.

Code: 0208. Name: Fluid Mechanics.
Higher education credits: 3. Grading scale: UG. Assessment: Written test on theory (approx. 1.5 hours); individual home assignments (problem-solving). Contents: Written test: air-conditioning, basic concepts; fluid statics; Bernoulli equation; kinematics; finite volume analysis; basic differential analysis; similitude, dimensional analysis and modelling; viscous flow in pipes; immersed bodies; compressible flow, basic concepts. Home assignments: air-conditioning; applications of basic fluid mechanics, e.g., calculation of anchoring forces and flow/pressure losses in simple pipe systems.

Code: 0408. Name: Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics.
Higher education credits: 2. Grading scale: UG. Assessment: Written examination (5 hours, problem-solving). Contents: Applications in basic engineering thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.