(Created 2008-07-17.)

THERMODYNAMICS AND FLUID MECHANICS | MMVF01 |

**Aim**

The purpose of the course is to provide basic knowledge and skills in engineering thermodynamics and fluid mechanics, with application mainly within the energy sector.

*Knowledge and understanding*

For a passing grade the student must

- be able to define and/or clarify in short certain basic concepts, principles and phenomena in thermodynamics and fluid mechanics
- be able to shortly account for basic relations considering properties of pure substances, mass and energy conservation, entropy generation and momentum balance, with a basic understanding of limitations and applicability
- be able to derive and account for certain technical important relations within the scope of the subject

*Skills and abilities*

For a passing grade the student must

- be able to demonstrate a good engineering handling practice of property tables and diagrams and to be able to solve basic energy- and fluid-related problems
- be able to describe shortly, clarify and analyse certain thermodynamic processes of technical importance, with a quantitative assessment of its quality regarding the influence on the environment (entropy generation)
- be able to accomplish a complete dimensional analysis of a given dimensional problem
- be able to apply control volume analysis of the balances of mass, energy and linear momentum, for stationary flow with homogeneous in- and outlets
- be able to accomplish a basic fluid mechanical analysis of single pipe systems at stationary incompressible flow conditions, and isentropic compressible flow in nozzles

*Judgement and approach*

For a passing grade the student must

- be able to produce written communication, on problem-solving and the lab-report, that is well-structured and illustrative, with clear references to external sources, attention to limitations and accuracy, and which demonstrate understanding of the subject

**Contents**

Thermodynamics: basic concepts of thermodynamics; properties of pure substances; energy transfer by heat, work and mass; the first law of thermodynamics; the second law of thermodynamics; entropy, irreversibility and entropy generation; exergy; gas power cycles; vapor and combined power cycles; refrigeration cycles; thermodynamic property relations; phase equilibrium; gas mixtures; gas-vapor mixtures and air-conditioning

Fluid Mechanics: viscosity; basic fluid statics; the Bernoulli equation; fluid kinematics; finite control volume analysis; basic differential analysis of fluid flow; similitude, dimensional analysis, and modelling; viscous flow in pipes; flow over immersed bodies; one-dimensional isentropic compressible flow through nozzles

**Literature**

Çengel, Y. A. & Boles, M. A.: Thermodynamics An Engineering Approach, 6th Edition in SI Units, McGraw-Hill 2008. ISBN: 978-007-125771-8

Young, D. F., Munson, B. R., Okiishi, T. H. & Huebsch, W. W.: A Brief Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, 4th Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2007. ISBN: 978-0-470-03962-5

**Code: **0108.
**Name: **Thermodynamics.

**Higher education credits: ** 6.
**Grading scale: **UG.
**Assessment:** Written test, theory and basic problem-solving (approx. 2 hours); individual home assignments (problem-solving).
**Contents:** Written test: basic concepts; properties of pure substances; energy transfer by heat, work, and mass; first law of thermodynamics; energy; second law of thermodynamics; entropy; irreversibility and entropy generation; exergy; thermodynamic relations; phase equilibrium; gas power cycles; ideal-gas mixtures. Home assignments: applications of the basic laws of thermodynamics; gas power cycles, vapor power cycles, refrigeration cycles.

**Code: **0208.
**Name: **Fluid Mechanics.

**Higher education credits: ** 3.
**Grading scale: **UG.
**Assessment:** Written test on theory (approx. 1.5 hours); individual home assignments (problem-solving).
**Contents:** Written test: air-conditioning, basic concepts; fluid statics; Bernoulli equation; kinematics; finite volume analysis; basic differential analysis; similitude, dimensional analysis and modelling; viscous flow in pipes; immersed bodies; compressible flow, basic concepts. Home assignments: air-conditioning; applications of basic fluid mechanics, e.g., calculation of anchoring forces and flow/pressure losses in simple pipe systems.

**Code: **0408.
**Name: **Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics.

**Higher education credits: ** 2.
**Grading scale: **UG.
**Assessment:** Written examination (4 hours, problem-solving).
**Contents:** Applications in basic engineering thermodynamics and fluid mechanics.